Charting Your Way
Gary Smith - Canadian Hydrographic Service
When Captain James Cook sailed into St. John’s, Newfoundland in 1762, his navigation tools were the heavens above and good luck.
He was a surveyor and a cartographer and the first to chart the treacherous and jagged coast around Newfoundland and Labrador.
He spent five summer seasons here from 1762-1767. During that time, he produced the first large-scale accurate charts and several volumes of Sailing Directions for parts of the island’s ...